All posts by Jeremiah Campbell

Merry Xmas and a Happy New Year

Well another year is drawing to a close.  The pig roast was a great success, though I could cook it better with the experience.  Our membership is dwindling, so new people feel free to come.  You get 3 free lessons and I really frown on anybody not treating beginners well.  Existing people, drag somebody new to class.  They may like it, and will not if they don’t try.

Doug will be putting out an email shortly about the schedule for the next few weeks.  Saturday is the last class for aikido and karate for this year.  Yoga, the last class was yesterday.

I plan to go to the Sand Drift New Year celebration.  Hope to see some of you there, and experience Dart’s cannon.  BOOM!

In the New Year, aikido and karate will start back up on Saturday Jan 5th.  Yoga will restart the following Wednesday, 9th.

So a Merry Xmas and a Happy New Year to everybody.  Hope to see you all next year determined to practice even harder.


pig roast

Well I think we can declare the pig roast a success.  The one and only Enmei Pig Roast.  I don’t think I will spit roast a pig again.  A couple of times I thought the weather would wash us out, and a couple of times the pig caught on fire, but in the end everything worked well.  We had a good time and ate a lot of pig and drank a lot of beer.  Life is good.

fun classes and a party

After a couple of classes where nobody showed up, we’ve had a couple of good practices in the last week. Not a lot of people, but good practices.

Some stuff was pretty basic – like how to make shihonage work on a resisting uke (at Doug’s request). (The simple answer, as usual, is extension and leverage. The trick is in the details.) Like how to make yonkyo work (at Glenn’s request). It sounds rather banal, but most times techniques fail to work as hoped because we forget the basics: escape the attack, take kuzushi, and then throwing. When we get hurried or excited, we tend to forget kuzushi, in particular. If we don’t get kuzushi, actually applying the technique can get quite difficult even if we do that part correctly.

Some stuff was less basic: practicing how to deal with multiple attacks, how to execute multiple attacks (which of course is critical for uke to give decent attacks), how to use suki to encourage uke to attack the way you want them to. How to take a little bit of control and turn it into greater and greater control.

Another thing we did was to find ways to get people to think about aikido from a fresh perspective. For example, you can do the boken suburi with one hand, then with the other hand, then go back to normal two handed technique. Another approach is to do a technique in a different way. We tend to get in a rut when we do the same techniques the same way. If we do the same technique in a different way, it makes us think about the technique from a different angle. This can be confusing, especially if the technique is being done in a way we have never seen before (and yes, even after 40 or 50 years I can still come up with different approaches). However, if we are fairly good at doing, say, ikkyo, one way, and then practice a different way, we end up having a more effective and more generally applicable ikkyo. At first, the different approach conflicts with the old way, but if we practice enough, we end up with a new way of doing ikkyo which subsumes both ways.

Sometimes, we just need a change of pace. We tend to get rather lackadaisical about ukemi, but changing the pace, either doing ukemi really slowly, or faster than usual will point up to where we need to improve.

On a final note, now that the weather is getting cooler, we are thinking of having a party. Usually, we have parties after a workout, but I’m thinking of having a pig roast, and as I have not done one before, I’ll have enough to do just cooking the pig. So probably just a party. Time and date TBD.


Karate classes definitely starting

We have decided on a starting date, so come along and try it.  Most folks will be beginners.

Classes will be on Saturday mornings , 9 – 10.  The first class will be the Saturday after the July 4th holiday – July 7th.  We will do them as long as there is interest, and if enough people are interested, we will look to add more classes.

There is no charge initially.  Eventually, we will probably ask people for $30 a month, or $20 extra if they are already doing another class.  However, for now the most important thing is to get a critical mass.  So for now, free karate lessons.  Tell all your friends.

There will be no sparring initially.  We need to get insurance coverage for that, which is probably not included in our current coverage.  Plus, people will need to get gear, like mouthpieces, gloves, and so on.

Karate class starting

I have wanted to teach a karate class at the dojo for a while, and it looks like we have a quorum, so we are going to try it.  At present, it looks like the class will be Saturday mornings, 9 – 10 am.  If there is enough demand, we will expand that.

The first class will be soon, but the date has not been decided yet.

Weapons Exercises – Kumi Tachi

What are kumi tachi and kumi jo and why do we practice them? On the surface, they are just kata, exercises in memorization we can test students on. They also teach weapons use, train students’ bodies in movement applicable to aikido, and teach distance and timing.

At a deeper level, there is an internal logic to each one that is more meaningful. Look at kumi tachi number 2, for example. You start standing tip to tip, sword points barely crossing, where both parties are as close as they can safely be. Neither provides an opening. Then one person takes the initiative. In this case, by taking his sword off line. This makes him more vulnerable, so he steps back at the same time. So, the attacker has an opening, a suki. But to exploit it the attacker has to move forwards. If he does this slowly, the other person can move back just as slowly, maintaining ma ai. So the attacker has to leap forwards too fast for his opponent to move backwards. However, the defender has time to respond, because of the distance, and he can respond in a number of ways.

He can return to the status quo ante by stepping back and cutting shomen to reconnect to the attacker’s sword. He can do this so strongly that he overcommits, attacking the attacker back, providing another suki which the attacker can exploit (KT 1). He can step in and to the side, avoiding the blow and stealing the energy to use it to strike at the attacker’s neck (KT 2). He can step back and deflect the attacker’s sword with an upward block (KT 3). He can counterstrike early enough that he takes the initiative back (KT 4). Or he can do something totally different (other KT, variations, etc).

To make this believable, the two partners need to each play their part, but if they are doing things correctly, this isn’t difficult. Each partner should make his partner’s next move feel inevitable. I want beginners to move a lot, to practice safely. More advanced students can work closer together. This increases the realism and benefit, but is more dangerous. These are, after all, lethal weapons we are using.

In the initial position, both partners should imagine a duel in medieval Japan, two samurai trying to kill each other, both intent, looking for the slightest loss of focus to exploit to kill the other guy. One guy provides an opening. It has to be realistic enough that the other guy sees it as a credible chance to kill the other. Too obvious, and the bait won’t be taken. When the bait is taken, the defender must move in just the right way at just the right time. Too soon, and the attacker can adjust. Too late, and the attacker wins.

The attacker must give a credible attack. Not difficult working with a beginner, of course, but the attack has to be better for a more advanced student. Of course, we don’t really want to kill each other, and want to keep a reserve in case our partner totally messes up, but there has to be a credible threat to make the kata work, rather than us just going through the motions (which is perfectly fine while learning the moves but is eventually limiting). Aikido is the “way of harmony and spirit”, after all. There has to be spirit (ki) to harmonise with. And we have to harmonise with it, or there is no aikido.

There are some things common in all the kumi tachi. In particular, as I have been illustrating, controlling the initiative (sente) through suki, position and distance. There are different “messages” in each of the different kumi tachi. These are the main ones I see: KT 1 – don’t over-commit. KT 2 – timing. KT 3 – don’t repeat anything three times in a row. KT 4 – again, timing, and in particular early timing (sen sen no sen) to crush the attacker. KT 5 – don’t let your attacker encroach.

So next time you practice kumi tachi, think on these points.

Merry Xmas and a Happy New Year, or whatever else you wish your friends.

Hi everybody:

Wow.  Major problem.  I almost finished, and my post disappeared.  It would have been amazing ;-), but you’ll have to make do with what I remember.  It said it was saving, but if it did I can’t find it.  So here goes.

First of all, Merry Xmas and a Happy New Year.

It has been an eventful year.  We started off with a big dojo and going deeper and deeper into the red.  We are ending up with a smaller dojo but almost breaking even.  If we had a couple more full memberships, we’d be actually breaking even.  So tell your friends.  Drag them along.  Three free lessons!  If they don’t try it, they won’t know if they like it.

Thanks to everybody that helped with the new dojo and transporting the excess mats to the barn.  Now that we have all the legalities sorted out, I can actually surplus the mats and free up the barn. For a while, I thought I was going to have to build a new dojo in the barn.

With the smaller space, we could not fit in a seminar, so we rented the Sanddrift Aikikai space.  We had a good spring seminar.  In the fall, we didn’t have a full seminar, but had a cookout/cross training at the farm.  That was fun too, and it is important not to only practice in one environment.

So another year has come to an end.  In the new year, we should think about the last year, how things went, and what we want to work on in the next.  The syllabus was developed to ensure that each student was taught all aspects of aikido.  The early kyu ranks are pretty easy tests.  The middle kyu ranks have a lot of techniques.  The high kyu ranks are about putting it all together.  So by shodan a student should pretty much know all the techniques from all the attacks in aikido.

After shodan, students need to work on applying techniques, how to make them work in any situation, on any attacker.  After that, they need to work on transcending the techniques.  Techniques are necessary for teaching and learning.  They make sense out of chaos.  But what was Musashi’s book 5?  The Book of the Void.

While the syllabus covers pretty much everything, each of us has things we need to work on, things that are particularly challenging.  Some of us are strong, but because of injury or old age, we lose strength, and need to work on technique for when we lose strength, or when it isn’t enough.  Some of us don’t extend enough.  Some of us need to pay more attention to foot position.  Some of us need to work on staying centered, physically, mentally, and emotionally.  All of us have things we can improve that are outside of the syllabus.

But most of all, we need to practice.  I tell students that their first priority should be family, then work, than aikido.  Because if your family is not happy they will put all sorts of obstacles in the way of your practice.  If you don’t have a job, you probably can’t come to class – you won’t have transportation to get there.  We do get students that just pick it up naturally, and do well, then they disappear.  Sometimes they repeat this, but usually when they find that the people who were not doing so well but kept practicing are now better than them, and they don’t like that.  So do come to class, and do so regularly.

Happy Keiko.



Social media are all about connecting, to friends, relatives, and strangers.  Aikido is also about connection, and that is what we worked on last night.  When you turn in tao no henko (e.g. going back to back when attacked gyaku hanmi katate tori), do you want to break loose (e.g. to strike uke), or do you want to stay connected (e.g. to throw uke).

These are options.  Depending on the situation, you might want to do either.  To break loose, you want to lever your arm out of the gap between uke’s fingers and thumb.  To do this, you pronate your arm (rotate it to palm down) and lift up.  To stay connected you want to press your arm into uke’s grip, you supinate your arm (rotate it palm up) and press down.

These movements will work on uke’s grip.  However, there is more to it.  You don’t want to just connect to uke’s hand.  You want to connect to their center.  You want your center to connect to their’s, so that when you move your center, uke feels the effect immediately.  So how do you take up the slack in that connection?  Sometimes, uke does it for you.  If uke is determined to keep hold of your arm, their muscle tension will make the connection for you.  But sometimes uke will not hold tightly, and will keep their center rather than keep their grip.  This is a perfectly sensible martial response.  You just prevent nage from doing anything useful with that arm, and don’t commit.  It isn’t helpful to beginning aikido students, but that does not make it a stupid response (except when the goal is to teach a beginner something).

So what will make uke hold on, to grip your arm and accept having their posture compromised rather than letting go?  A threat.  Particularly a subtle threat.  So if you move your arm towards their groin,  they will most likely hold on.  The initial tendency for nage is to do this too overtly.  Then the response is often too uncontrolled to be useful.  But a small move in the right direction will often result in uke holding on nicely.

A common failure with katate tori kokyu ho is that nage’s arm gets sweaty and uke has difficulty holding on.  This shows that nage is applying too much force in the wrong direction.  If instead of sliding nage’s arm out of uke’s grip, try working more by pressing your arm into uke’s grip.  Set up uke’s arm so that it is extended over their front triangle point and press down, and uke will lose balance.

Connection is easier to work on and study with a grip, but it is just as important with a strike.  With mune tsuki, for example, you want to turn in a similar fashion to katate tori, blending with the strike.  You want to extend the arm just like with katate tori, and you want to press at about 90 degrees to the extended arm.  Then you can throw uke down with kokyu ho just like with katate tori.

The timing is a bit more critical, because the natural thing to do if the first punch misses (or even if it hits) is to throw the second one.  For a punch to be effective, it must stay on target for a moment.  Yanking it back before it has had time to transfer its energy into the target is not effective.  But it only takes a moment for this to happen – maybe quarter of a second.  At that time, for an effective punch (and who cares about getting hit by an ineffective one) uke’s arm is rigid and extended.  If nage has contact at that time, center to center, they can disrupt uke’s posture just as effectively as with a grab.

Often people grab the gi to make that connection.  I am sometimes guilty myself.  However, this generally messes up other parts of the technique.  Instead, just move your own center  in the right direction (i.e. use your legs, the arms merely being connectors).  For some reason, this moved uke more effectively.

You generally do not want to stop uke from extending their punch.  In fact, if you can make them extend it too far, that’s even better.  If you touch their arm and rotate your own, this will tend to do what you want.  It is a subtle movement, and it maybe extends their arm only an inch or so, but done just as the punch is focused for impact it also moves uke’s body.  From being centered and grounded, their weight is moved just a bit, their weight goes onto the balls of the feet or even the toes, and they are easy to move.

Timing is even more critical with a knife attack.  There is less need to time to allow the energy to transfer.  You still need to connect to uke’s center, but there is less likely to be much resistance as knife attacks are more likely to be fluid rather than strong.

These things all need to be studied.  They need to be practiced.  We tend to put too much emphasis on throwing uke down, on pinning uke.  In the street, success is very important.  In the dojo, we are practicing, trying to learn.  We also want our dojo partners to learn.  It is important to focus on our immediate goals if we are to succeed.  As we learn, it will translate into more probability of success if we are unfortunate enough to need to use our art in the street.


Well we had a pretty good party/cross training.  Lots of folks tried yoga, karate, aikido and kali.  The kali was a bit different from what I’m familiar with, but that is all good.  When setting up I looked at some aikido videos I’d forgotten I had and which I’d never looked at, and we did some of the exercises from Ikeda’s videos.  Some of his stuff is pretty interesting, and if you think a bit it does transfer to strikes.  The sun did get a bit hot in the front pasture where I had planned to work out, but we moved under the trees where it was a bit better.  I had planned to have us beat up on a bunch of cardboard boxes, but we didn’t get to them.

I didn’t count how many folks came, but we did have quite a few.  Not quite as many as had said were coming, but still a good number.

It is always hard to participate as well as orchestrate an event, but I think everybody had a good time, and thanks to George for doing all the cooking.  I way overestimated the numbers of hot dogs we would need, but they will freeze for the next time.

I think in view of the typical attendance I am going to move the advanced class from Tuesdays to Saturdays, 11 am.  Nobody is prohibited from attending this class, but the focus will be on the highest ranked student, instead of the lowest.  We have some higher ranked folks that I need to stretch a bit.  In a lot of ways, advanced is basic.  Often we need to focus more on the basics, but with a different intent.  But advanced students need to learn to read the attackers and not think too much.

When done properly, aikido does not require a lot of effort.  When you have to work hard, you are doing it wrong.  Sure, we all mess up now and again and use strength to make up for our deficiencies, but in the dojo you should practice using as little strength as possible.  It is a good practice in the dojo to try to use only a quarter of our strength.  Then if you have to defend yourself IRL you have a good margin for error.

When getting ready for the party I looked at some aikido videos I have.  One was by a high ranked individual who is the head of his style.  However, his angles were wrong.  He was doing kote gaeshi in a way that would get him hit in the head.  Angles are really really important.  I wonder if he really would do kote gaeshi that way in the street.  A lot of people teach one thing and do something different when pushed.  Teaching is hard.  You need to have good technique, but you also need to be able to teach it.  That involves seeing what you actually do, being able to express what you do, and being able to communicate that to the student.  In addition, you have to be able to motivate the student to expand his or her limits.  A lot of good technicians can not teach.  A lot of good teachers are terrible technicians.  It is important to find a good technician who is a good teacher to get started right.  Once you are on the right path, all you need is a good technician to learn from, though it does help if you can get more than that.